The mystery of the clock in Yinjiatang, Hunan

Yinjiatang is an ancient dwelling house in Yanglinqiao Town of Shaodong. This newspaper gave “special attention” on November 9, 2013. The size of its "one hundred and eight", its intricate structure, and its owner's origins are described in detail. It also said that it "has a round mud-shaped British-style clock on both sides of the mountain wall." This is indeed the mystery of the traditional houses in the Chinese countryside.

Ordinary people's houses are decorated, painted or engraved. The pattern is either a bat, a deer, a sorrow, a bat, a deer, a peach, a magpie, or a bottle that symbolizes peace, multi-childity, wealth, and auspiciousness. Lotus seeds, ingots, fairy grasses, etc., are either human or horse stories, or flowers and insects... decorated with clay clocks, at least in Hunan, Yinjiatang is the "first".

When the Yinyinjiatang was built more than 180 years ago, most of the time in China was the daytime sundial, the night was even more leaking (of course, also used during the day), and there was a burning incense time. Then, there will be morning bells and drums, and more knocks. In the vast rural areas, it is the sunrise, and the daily income, the news is based on the Golden Rooster news. Shenjia’s seat clock “moved” on the gable for decoration, indicating that this house not only saw new watches, but also pursued fashion. At that time, how was the position of the clock in Chinese public life?

History: The first ocean clock was shipped to China in 1582, and foreigners gave gifts to the Governor of Guangdong and Guangxi. In the twenty-ninth year of Wanli (1601) in the Ming Dynasty, the Italian missionary Matteo Ricci came to China to preach and gave the palace two clocks, because they could be hit on time, and they were called "self-sounding bells." After the 17th century, the Jesuit priests began to use Chinese craftsmen to build clocks. During the Qing Emperor Qianlong, the palace set up a bell tower. At the same time, many towns on the southeast coast began to imitate clocks and formed a certain scale of handicraft industry. In this way, watches and clocks entered the Chinese Imperial Palace from the Western Ocean and then flowed into the middle and lower classes. Before the opening of the Yin Family Hall, churches, commercial halls, offices and public buildings in some cities were equipped with self-timer bells.

Shenjia is the first to appreciate the modern city in this respect. Although they live and work in the mountains of southern Hunan, they can have close ties with the city. This connection is rice.

Shen Jiaben is a farmer's house, and when he has a surplus, he will start a rice business. To do this kind of business is the savvy “discovery” of the Shen family: the steamed river flows through the village, and flows into the Xiangjiang River after passing through the east, and then passes through the river to the sea. This family is peasant-style savvy, tailored to local conditions, self-produced and sold, please long-term work, set up a housekeeper, established a large organization of production, sales, transportation, in a few years has become the first rice merchant in Central and South Hunan.

In June 2009, the Shaodong Cultural Relics Department discovered the Yinjiatang Manor in Pule Village, Yejiping Town, which is more than 10 miles away. There are not only a large area of ​​Shenjia, but also a granary. The granary is built in the middle of the pond in front of the manor. It is rare to use stone stone to make stone piers and water to build a warehouse in the center. After the grain is harvested, fill the cabin and go down the water to the Yinjiatang. Then it was shipped from Yinjiatang and sent rice to the cities along the Xiangjiang River and the Yangtze River.

Shen family with the meter boat under Hengyang, into Changsha, to Wuhan, and even further to Shanghai. They brought back the silver dollar, accumulated wealth, and brought back the new things in the city. The self-clocking in the city is one of the new things in their eyes.

The rich Shen family then built the church. Shen Jiazu lived in Yuqingtang, which is three miles away from Yinjiatang. In the afternoon of Daoguang (1822), the owner of the Shen family chose to choose the Gongjitang, and built the Yinjiatang on a terrain like the bird's nest next to the Shatang Temple on the left bank of the Steaming River. It is of course his idea to move the fashion element of the clock to the main building. According to Shen’s genealogy, he “conceived and considered too far”. In the construction of the church, “the left is held, the right is the stick, the command is determined, the craftsman is only”, “from the ancestral home of Sanhuali, nearly six years before and after, 朝Return, do not avoid the cold and heat." It is also his idea to take the name of "Yanjia" and take "Yuyin and Yuanzhi". Regrettably, the country is a country after all. He has no conditions like a city man, and he can put a physical clock on the wall and can only decorate it with a clay sculpture. This is the mystery of the British clock on the wall of Yinjiatang.

The reporter saw in Yinjiatang that there are many different things from the ancient Chinese ancient dwellings. For example, on both sides of the church, there is a patio that leads directly from the main entrance to the back wall. Above the patio are several bridges that connect the houses on both sides of the building. In this way, no matter whether it is ventilation or lighting, it is much stronger than ordinary dwellings; for example, there are more than a hundred steps in the right side of the main building, "building a few shops, and building a study room with more than one hundred steps in the left"; Romanesque architectural decoration patterns, not traditional Chinese clouds and other patterns...

"On the Shaodong dwellings more than 180 years ago, decorated with Western objects, it shows that they have been at the forefront of the opening up, and the Shen family in the north and the south has begun to integrate with Western culture." This view was established.

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